Aurignacian is the name of a culture of the Upper Palaeolithic located in Europe and southwest Asia. It dates to between 32,000 and 26,000 BC. The name originates from the type site of Aurignac in the Haute Garonne area of France. The Aurignacian culture is considered by some archaeologists to have co-existed with the Périgordian culture of tool making.
Worked bone points with grooves cut in the bottom and some of the earliest cave art were produced by the Aurignacian culture bearers. Their flint tools were more varied than those of earlier industries, employing finer blades struck from prepared cores rather than using crude flakes, and they made pendants, bracelets and ivory beads, they also made three-dimensional figurines to ornament themselves. The Aurignacian tool industry is characterized by complex art, which includes figurines depicting faunal representations of the time period associated with extinct mammals, including mammoths, rhinos, and the European horse along with anthropomorphized depictions that could be inferred as some of the earliest evidence of religion.
Bâtons de commandement are also found at their sites. This sophistication and self-awareness leads some archaeologists to consider the makers of Aurignacian artefacts the first modern humans in Europe. Human remains and Aurignacian artifacts originally found at Cro-Magnon in France indicate that the culture was modern human rather than Neanderthal.
In June 2007, a 35,000 year old figurine of a mammoth was discovered in the Vogelherd cave in south-western Germany. http://www.ice-age-art.de/anfaenge_der_kunst/vogelherd.php Currently being studied by the University of Tübingen, the figurine details the once intricate and complex artistic qualities by the inhabitants of Aurignacian culture.
- Picture Gallery of the Paleolithic (reconstructional palaeoethnology), Libor Balák at the Czech Academy of Sciences, the Institute of Archaeology in Brno, The Center for Paleolithic and Paleoethnological Research
Aurignacian in Catalan: Aurinyacià
Aurignacian in Welsh: Diwylliant Aurignac
Aurignacian in German: Aurignacien
Aurignacian in Spanish: Auriñaciense
Aurignacian in Esperanto: Aŭrinjaka kulturo
Aurignacian in French: Aurignacien
Aurignacian in Korean: 우리그나시안 문명
Aurignacian in Dutch: Aurignacien
Aurignacian in Japanese: オーリニャック文化
Aurignacian in Occitan (post 1500): Aurinhacian
Aurignacian in Polish: Kultura oryniacka
Aurignacian in Portuguese: Período Aurignaciano
Aurignacian in Russian: Ориньякская культура
Aurignacian in Slovak: Aurignacien
Aurignacian in Finnish: Aurignacin kulttuuri
Aurignacian in Swedish: Aurignacienkulturen
Aurignacian in Ukrainian: Оріньякська культура